Indian History

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Indian History| Ancient, Medieval and Modern History of India

The history of India is dynamic and culturally very rich. It starts with the beginning of human civilisation. It begins the culture that started flourishing along the Indus river and in farming communities in the southern lands of India. The History of India can be divided into three parts: Ancient, Medieval and Modern.

Ancient Indian History begins with the Indus Valley Civilisation also known as Harappan Civilisation which was thriving in the today’s part of western part of India and Pakistan during 2,500 BC. In between, we will talk about the rise of various kingdoms such as Mauryan empires, Gupta empires. We will also see the rise of various religions such as Jainism, Buddhism etc. In the last, we will talk about the Harshavardhan and condition of South India during 7th Century.

Medieval Indian History starts with the advent of Rajputs in the North India. After that we will talk about the Tripartite Struggle. This period came to be dominated by Islamic culture when the Muhammad Ghori defeated the Delhi King Prithviraj Chauhan and his slave Qutubuddin aibak led the foundation stone of Delhi Sultanate. We will also study about the Mughal empire established by Babur.

Modern India starts from late 18th Century, when major parts of India was captured by the British East India Company. The anger with their no responsible rule cause rebellion of 1857 which ends the Company era and started the British Crown era. The early 20th century show the disagreement with British rule which turns into the nation wide movement joined many organizations which ultimately led to independence and also partition of India into the dominions of India and Pakistan.

Topics included in Indian History

Sources of Ancient Indian HistoryPalaeolithic Age or Old Stone AgeMesolithic Age or Middle Stone Age
Neolithic Age or New Stone AgeChalcolithic AgeHarappan Civilization
Vedic CivilizationTripartite StruggleOrigin of Rajputs
Arrival of Europeans in IndiaBattle of PlasseyBattle of Buxar (1764)
First Carnatic WarThe Second Carnatic WarThe Third Carnatic War
Factors Responsible for the defeat of the French in IndiaThird Battle of Panipat (1761)First Anglo-Mysore War
Second Anglo Mysore WarThird Anglo Mysore WarFourth Anglo Mysore War
First Anglo Maratha WarSecond Anglo Maratha WarThird Anglo-Maratha War
Subsidiary Alliance SystemThe Doctrine of LapseFirst Anglo-Sikh War
Second Anglo-Sikh WarSannyasi RebellionKhond Uprisings (1837-1856)
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