The concept of training is a fundamental part of human resource development. It deals with teaching and practicing a skill to a specific level through instruction and practice. Training is an extremely useful instrument that may help an employee get into the position where they can do their job correctly, effectively, and conscientiously. The process of enhancing an employee’s knowledge and expertise for performing a certain task is known as training. Learn in detail about the, Training: Meaning, Definition and Types of Training!
Definition of Training
The definition of training from Dale S. Beach is as follows: “Training is the organized method by which people learn knowledge and/or skill for a specific goal.” Training refers to the instructional and learning activities undertaken in order to assist employees of an institution acquire and apply the knowledge, skills, abilities, and attitudes necessary for their jobs and organizations.
According to Edwin Flippo, ‘training is the act of increasing the skills of an employee for doing a particular job’.
What Is The Need For Training
All workers, regardless of their abilities and competencies, should be trained.
Specifically the need for training arises because of following reasons:
1. Environmental Changes
Environmental Changes – Many adjustments have resulted from industrialization, computerization, and automation, all of which necessitate skilled personnel with adequate talents. The company should teach its employees how to improve them through the use of cutting-edge technology and information.
2. Organizational Complexity
Organizational Complexity – Most of the organizations have gotten increasingly complex with the advent of modern inventions, technological improvement, and diversification. Coordination has become more difficult as a result of this. As a consequence, training has become necessary to cope with the intricacies.
3. Human relations
Human relations – As a result, training has become an essential component of any management’s ability to deal with human difficulties. This has made training one of the fundamental requirements in dealing with people issues.
4. To match employee specifications with the job requirements and organizational needs
To match employee specifications with the job requirements and organizational needs – Regardless of prior experience and abilities, an employee’s specification may not fit the requirements of the job or company. There is always a gap between an employee’s present requirements and the business’s needs. In order to bridge this gap, training is necessary.
5. Change in the job assignment
Change in the job assignment – When an employee is promoted or transferred to another department, training is also required. Employees must be trained in order to offer them with new skills and technologies.
Importance of Training
In this ever-changing world, employee and management training is simply as important. HRD’s trainin g activity is critical for enhancing workers’ competence. Employees benefit from training in a variety of ways, including increased efficiency and effectiveness, self-confidence development, and self-management assistance for everyone.
The training given to the personnel is always a factor in the success and development of the business. Training becomes required at each stage of expansion and diversification. Only training may raise the quality and cut waste to a minimum. To adjust to changing circumstances, training and development are also critical.
Types of Training
Employees may be given a variety of training, including induction training, refresher training, on-the-job training, vestibule training, and promotion-specific training.
Some of the commonly used training programs are listed below:
Induction training is a one-time course given to new hires in order to get them acclimated with the company’s internal environment. It aids employees in comprehending the organization’s policies and regulations.
Job Instruction Training
This course gives an overview of the position as well as experienced instructors who show you how to complete it in detail. If necessary, additional training may be provided to staff after analyzing their performance.
It’s the training on real work to be done by an employee, but it’s done away from the workplace.
This sort of training is given to provide employees with the most up-to-date skills in a certain area. Employees are given this training to improve their expertise. An employee may be promoted as a result of this training.
An Apprentice is a person who works under the supervision of a supervisor for a set length of time.