Physical Geography

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Physical geography is one of the two main branches of geography in which we study about the processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and biosphere, climate and oceans of the earth.

In this branch, we do in-depth analysis of the various aspects of the our planet, earth. The physical geography is divided into different branches:

(i) Geomorphology studies the landforms and landforms processes. This branch tried to answer why landscapes look the way they do. It mainly deals with earth’s structure, the rocks and relief features like mountains, islands, plains.

(ii) Glaciology focused on the study of glaciers and ice sheets.

(iii) Hydrology is the study of the water cycle, the distribution of water across the earth, fluctuation of water table and
underground water resources.

(iv) Oceanography is the study of ocean currents, waves and tides.

(v) Climatology studies the weather patterns causes and distribution of temperature and winds, rainfall and runoff weather and climate.

(vi) Pedology is the study of soil which is formed due to the result of complex physical and chemical reaction of parent rock materials.

(vii) Biogeography studies the distribution of flora (plant life) and fauna (animal life) in different parts of the world.

(viii) Paleogeography is focused on the study of past geological ages such as the distribution of land and
sea through successive geological times through geological evidences like the fossil record.

1. The Universe and the Solar System
The Universe
The Solar System
The Earth

2. Geomorphology
The Interior of the Earth
Continental Drift
Tectonic Plates
Continental Relief

3. Climatology
Atmospheric Pressure
Atmospheric Circulation
Horizontal Distribution of Air Pressure
Meridional Circulation
Moisture in the Atmosphere

4. Oceanography
Ocean Currents

5. Biogeography
Ecosystems of the Earth
Soil System


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