Organizing is the activity of management that follows planning. It’s a function in which human, physical, and financial resources are synchronized and combined. All three elements are necessary to achieve success.
As a result, organizational function aids in the attainment of objectives, which is critical for the operation of a corporation. Organizing, according to Chester Barnard, “is an activity by which a company can define its role positions, jobs related, and coordination between authority and responsibility. As a result, every manager must organize in order to obtain results.
Organizing Function of Management
A manager performs organizing function with the help of following steps:-
Identification of activities
- First, all of the tasks that must be completed in a problem must be defined.
- For example, accounts preparation, sales generation, record keeping, quality control, and inventory management are just a few examples of what has to be done.
- All of these activities must be lumped together and organized into groups.
Departmentally organizing the activities
- In this stage, the manager attempts to link and group comparable and linked activities together into units or departments.
- Departmentation is the process of dividing the whole issue into separate parts and departments.
Classifying the authority
- The manager prefers to categorize the authorities and their extent after the departments have been built.
- The act of assigning a rank to managerial positions in order to define them is known as hierarchy.
- The top level management is concerned with developing policy, while middle-level management is involved in departmental supervision and supervision of foremen on the ground. Clarification of authority can assist a business in achieving efficiency.
- This helps to improve efficiency. This helps to eliminate duplication and overlap, as well as speed up the functioning of a concern.
Co-ordination between authority and responsibility
- Relationships are developed among various sections in order to enable smooth interaction in the pursuit of the organization’s objective.
- Each individual is made aware of his or her power, and he or she knows whom they must obey and whom they must report to.
- A clear organizational structure is drawn up, and all workers are informed of it.