The nuclear family is a cross-cultural, if not global, social phenomenon. Duncan Mitchell of the University of Chicago defines the nuclear family as “a tiny group made up of husband and wife with young children who form an extension of the community separate from the rest.”
Advantage of Nuclear Family
A nuclear family is one in which the husband, wife, and their unmarried children live together. After marriage, children depart their parental home and establish their own household.
As a result, a nuclear family is an autonomous unit that isn’t subject to adult supervision. Because there is no physical barrier between parents and married children, there isn’t much interdependence between them. As a result, a nuclear family is generally self-sufficient. The contemporary family is an example of a nuclear family.
Development of Personality
The nuclear family is an essential part of a person’s personality development. Children are closer to their parents and can have more open and honest conversations with them about their issues, which aids in the child’s improvement.
Better Condition of Women
In nuclear families, the condition of women is superior than in joint families. She has adequate time to look after her children. She gets the opportunity to plan and manage her home according to her own preferences. There is no meddling from elders. Her husband may give greater attention to his wife in a nuclear family.
Less number of children
In nuclear families, family planning initiatives thrive. Because they must shoulder all of the responsibilities and costs associated with raising their children, members of a nuclear family must plan and limit their families. In the long run, the youngsters profit since they inherit directly from their parents’ property.
Peace and Harmony
Peace and harmony are both important for a pleasant family life. There is no discord in nuclear families, and they live in peace and harmony.
Among nuclear families, there is no sharing of responsibility as in joint families. Parents are obligated to care for their children by themselves. To look after his family, the head of the household must work hard.
Problem Free Unit
There is no danger of in-law friction. There is no financial issue in a nuclear family. Money may be set aside for future success and to deal with the potential crisis of a family. They may engage in any economic occupations to augment their family’s income. The children’s wishes and desires are taken into account, as well as their will and preferences. Nuclear family members are emotionally secure.. nnThere is no sense of superiority among anybody.. All people have an equal say in the matter.
Disadvantage of Nuclear Family
A nuclear family is more likely to become cut off from their extended family. They do not get to see their grandparents, aunts, and uncles as often, making it harder for them to form relationships with distant relatives.
The family’s property is split among the brothers, with each of them living on his own. Because the territory is being divided, there isn’t a lot of productivity to be had, thus it becomes an uneconomic holding. On the other hand, due to the small size of the family, one must hire additional workers in order to achieve the intended result. As a result
Insecurity of Children
In a nuclear family, both the husband and wife work outside the home. The children are neglected and cared for by the staff since the parents are occupied with their professional careers. They are lonely and insecure in thought. They grow more anxious. If a breadwinner dies or becomes incapacitated, there is no one to support the household. Even in an emergency situation such as illness, accident, or pregnancy, family members are frequently neglected and unable to be cared for.
Agency to Develop Bad Qualities of Inmates
Children as individuals are free from the social control of elders, thus they acquire a variety of negative qualities such as thievery, and lead their lives in an unruly manner. They become unsocial because they are unable to interact with other family members.
One of the most significant disadvantages of a nuclear family is loneliness. At home, after completing all of the chores, the housewife becomes lonely. Any assistance or support may be obtained at any time during an emergency.
Insecure For Old, Widow and Divorce
Nuclear family widows, elderly people, and divorcees are frequently neglected. Nobody in the family bothers to look after them. They are both physically and psychologically insecure. Children in a nuclear family are socially, emotionally, and educationally maladjusted. There’s a high chance of conflict within the family if one spouse is forced to give up his or her freedom. Despite this, individuals prefer to live in a nuclear family because of its benefits, which outweigh the drawbacks by far.