NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler come as a saviour and help us in solving the difficulties that lie ahead with ease. These solutions are created by experts after thorough research on the subject matter and they cover all the important topics of the syllabus. Hence, students can use them as a reference while studying for their exams and be confident of scoring well. These solutions are designed by experts keeping in mind the CBSE curriculum and the topics are explained in a simple and concise manner making it easy for students to understand and apply them while solving problems.
If you are looking for Chapter 3 Class 9 History NCERT Solutions that can help you in analysing the problems and answering it with precision and the right concepts, then you have come to the right place. With these Class 9 History NCERT solutions, students are able to understand the concepts better and apply them in a variety of ways. This makes solving difficult problems much easier and less time consuming.
Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 History NCERT Solutions1
1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic.
The Weimar Republic was politically fragile. Its constitution had some inherent defects and hence the Weimar Republic was prone to be unstable and vulnerable to dictatorship.
The provision of proportional representation meant that majority by a single party was impossible and coalition government was the norm.
Article 48 gave the President the powers to impose emergency to suspend civil rights and to rule by decree. The average life span of a cabinet was just 239 days and emergency was declared many times. In a short time 20 different cabinets were formed. Thus, people were losing confidence in the republic.
2. Discuss why Nazism became popular in Germany by 1930.
(i) Political situation in Germany: Germany had suffered a crucial defeat in the First World War. This led to the collapse of the German monarchy. The Weimar Republic formed after the war was fragile in nature which led in unstable governments.
(ii) Humiliating Treaty of Versailles: The Germans felt that the Treaty of Versailles was extremely humiliating. The Germans looked down upon Weimar Republic as they were responsible for signing such a disgraceful treaty. The Weimar Republic was regarded as a symbol of national disgrace. When Hitler assured the Germans about the restoration of old prestige, they became his followers.
(iii) Personality of Hitler: Hitler was a powerful speaker. His passion and his words moved people. He promised to build a strong nation, and restore the dignity of the German people. He promised employment for those looking for work, and a secure future for the youth. He promised to weed out all foreign influences and resist all foreign ‘conspiracies’ against Germany.
(iv) Economic crisis: After 1929 banks closed, workers lost their jobs and the middle class was threatened with poverty. Nazi propaganda gave hope of a better future. By 1932, the Nazi Party became the largest party in the Reichstag with 37 percent votes.
3. What are the peculiar features of Nazi thinking?
There was no equality between people, but only a racial hierarchy. In this view blond, blue-eyed, Nordic German Aryans were at the top, while Jews were located at the lowest rung. They came to be regarded as an anti-race, the arch-enemies of the Aryans. All other coloured people were placed in between depending upon their external features.
The Aryan race was the finest. It had to retain its purity, become stronger and dominate the world.
Lebensraum, or living space, was another aspect of Nazi ideology. According to it, new territories must be acquired at the expense of the local population in order to enhance German power and material resources.
4. Explain why Nazi propaganda was effective in creating a hatred for Jews.
The Nazi regime used language and media with care. They used chilling terms. They never used the words ‘kill’ or ‘murder’. Mass killing was termed as special treatment leading towards the final solution (for the Jews).
Nazi ideas were spread through visual images, films, radio, posters etc. Propaganda films were made to create hatred for Jews with the most infamous being The Eternal Jew.
Nazism worked on minds of the people. Orthodox Jews were stereotyped and marked. They were portrayed with flowing beards and wearing kaftans and were called vermin that fed on good Germans.
5. Explain the role of women in Nazi society. Return to Chapter 1 on the French Revolution. Write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the role of women in the two periods.
In Nazi Germany, women were viewed as significant because they bore children and nurtured them. They were to be dutiful and responsible in managing their households. The Nazis prescribed a different set of goals and guidelines for women than for men. It was forbidden for women to have any relationships with Jews or the ‘undesirables’. If they did, they were severely punished. On the other hand, women played an active role during the French Revolution, and the new government granted them several rights. They were able to raise their status by educating and training themselves. Women were able to choose their husbands, or file for divorce. There was a strong movement in France for equal rights for women. They fought to gain voting rights as well as government representation. They remain an inspiration to us today because of their active involvement in the public and political spheres since the French Revolution.
6. In what ways did the Nazi state seek to establish total control over its people?
(ii) After coming to power, Hitler dismissed all the opponent political groups. Hitler assumed dictatorial power and took over all the powers in the government. Trade unions were dissolved. The socialist, communists and other suspected anti-Nazi leaders were detained in concentration camps. Nazis created special security forces like the SA, SS, SD, and Gestapo with extrajudicial powers, so they could control society and order it as they desired.
(iv) Hitler thought that the youth of the country should be educated about the Nazi principles. In order to do so, schools were first ‘cleansed’ by removing Jew and other ‘undesirable’ teachers. Schools were converted into all-German school. There was a system of taking adolescents into the Nazi organization so that they could be mentally trained in Nazi ideologies. The youth had to serve in the youth organization of the Nazi party.
(v) All forms of media and propaganda were effectively used by the Nazis to spread their views. The Nazi show of power and status was important in affecting the minds of the people. Also, the hatred towards Jews and unquestioned loyalty towards the regime were ensured after widespread propaganda. Any kind of criticism and opposition was not tolerated under the Nazi rule.