NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population help students by providing them with a detailed explanation of the topics covered in the syllabus. This allows students to revise the topics more effectively and reduces the pressure on them. Examinations are a stressful time for students as they have to study an extensive syllabus in a short amount of time. These solutions are available for free on Gkrankers, and they can be a great resource for students who are struggling to understand the concepts in their textbooks.
The Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions are created by experts in the field of education, and they provide step-by-step explanations for all the questions in the NCERT textbooks. Chapter 6 Population Class 9 Geography NCERT Solutions provide a comprehensive and organized way to study for exams. With clear explanations and examples, they can help you make the most of your study time and ace your exams.
Chapter 6 Population Class 9 Geography NCERT Solutions
1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) Migrations change the number, distribution and composition of the population in
(a) the area of departure
(b) the area of arrival
(c) both the area of departure and arrival
(d) None of the above
► Both the area of arrival and departure.
(ii) A large proportion of children in a population is a result of
(a) high birth rates
(b) high life expectancies
(c) high death rates
(d) more married couples
► High birth rates.
(iii) The magnitude of population growth refers to
(a) the total population of area
(b) the number of persons added each year
(c) the rate at which the population increases
(d) the number of females per thousand males
► the number of persons added each year
(iv) According to the Census, a “literate” person is one who
(a) can read and write his/her name
(b) can read and write any language
(c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(d) knows the 3 ‘R’s (reading, writing, arithmetic)
► Is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding.
2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?
Birth control efforts have reduced the birth rate since 1981, gradually slowing population growth.
(ii) Discuss the major components of population growth.
The major components of population growth are:
Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major component of growth because in India, birth rates have always been larger than death rates.
Death rate is the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year. The main cause of the rate of growth of the population has been the rapid decline in death rates.
Migration is the movement of people across regions and territories. Migration can be internal or international.
(iii) Define age structure, death rate and birth rate.
An age structure refers to the number of individuals in different age groups.
A death rate is the number of deaths per thousand people per year.
Birth Rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year.
(iv) How is migration a determinant factor of population change?
The process of migration involves people moving from one region or territory to another, and this affects not only the number of people but also their age and gender composition in urban and rural areas.
3. Distinguish between population growth and population change.
|Population Growth||Population Change|
|It refers to the increase in the number of inhabitants of a region during a specific period of time.||It refers to the change in the distribution, composition or size of a population during a specific period of time.|
|Natural increase of population and immigration are the major components causing population growth.||Natural increase, immigration and emigration are the major components causing population change.|
4. What is the relation between occupational structure and development?
Occupational structure refers to the distribution of people according to their occupations. There are three major types of occupations: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Developing countries have a high proportion of people engaged in secondary and tertiary activities. Their economic development reflects the proportion of people working in different activities. In developing countries, primary activities make up a larger proportion of the workforce.
5. What are the advantages of having a healthy population?
The health of a population can contribute to the welfare and well-being of a society. It can boost the development process of a nation. People who are healthy have a positive mindset, which allows them to contribute to the development of resources.
6. What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000?
The National Population Policy 2000 provides a policy framework for:
- Imparting free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age.
- Reducing infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.
- Achieving universal immunisation of children against all vaccine-preventable diseases.
- Promoting delayed marriage and child bearing
- Making family welfare a people-centred programme.
- Protecting adolescents from unwanted pregnancies and sexually-transmitted diseases, and educating them about the risks of unprotected sex.
- Making contraceptive services accessible and affordable.
- Providing nutritional services and food supplements to adolescents.