NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 India: Size and Location

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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 India: Size and Location are a set of questions and answers designed to help students understand the concepts taught in their school books. These solutions help students learn faster and retain the information for longer periods of time. Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions are prepared by the experts of Gkrankers and are available freely. The students can use these solutions to improve their grades in the examinations.

Class 9 Geography NCERT Solutions help in improving the student’s experience. The solutions help the student to understand the concepts better and improve their problem solving skills. India Size and Location NCERT solutions are prepared by experts and cover all the important topics in the syllabus. These solutions help students in understanding the concepts better and enable them to score high marks in their exams.

Chapter 1 India: Size and Location Class 9 Geography NCERT Solutions

1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.

(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Odisha
(c) Chhattisgarh
(d) Tripura
► (b) Odisha

(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97° 25′ E
(b) 68° 7′ E
(c) 77° 6′ E
(d) 82° 32′ E
► (a) 97° 25′ E

(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with
(a) China
(b) Bhutan
(c) Nepal
(d) Myanmar
► (c) Nepal

(iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(a) Puducherry
(b) Lakshadweep
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
► (b) Lakshadweep

(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country.
(a) Bhutan
(b) Tajikistan
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Nepal
► (b) Tajikistan

2. Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.


Lakshadweep islands lie in the Arabian Sea to the south-west of the mainland.

(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.


The nations that are larger than India are Russia, Canada, the United States, China, Brazil, and Australia.

(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?


Andaman and Nicobar island group lie to the south-east of India.

(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?


There are two island countries that are our southern neighbours: Sri Lanka and Maldives.

3. The sunrises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?


The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India is about 30°. The east-west extent is smaller than the north-south extent. Arunachal Pradesh has a two-hour time difference with Gujarat. The sun rises earlier in Arunachal Pradesh than in Gujarat due to the fact that it lies on the eastern side of India. Time for the whole country is determined by the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh). Since the latitude influences the duration of day and night as one moves from north to south, the watches display the same time in every part of the country.

4. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?


The Indian continent extends southward from India and is situated in a central position between East and West Asia. As it connects East Asian countries with Europe in the west, the Indian Ocean serves as India’s strategic central location. As the Deccan Peninsula extends into the Indian Ocean, India is able to establish close ties with west Asia, Africa and Europe from its western coast, and with Southeast and East Asia from its eastern coast. No other country has as long a coastline as India, which is why the Indian Ocean was named after it.

Map Skills

1. Identify the following with the help of map reading.
(i) The Island groups of India lying in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) The countries constituting the Indian Subcontinent.
(iii) The States through which the Tropic of Cancer passes.
(iv) The northernmost latitude in degrees.
(v) The southernmost latitude of the Indian mainland in degrees.
(vi) The eastern and the western-most longitude in degrees.
(vii) The place situated on the three seas.
(viii) The strait separating Sri Lanka from India.
(ix) The Union Territories of India.


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