NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire are prepared as per the current CBSE guidelines. By using these solutions, you can easily achieve a high score. It will help in building a great foundation of knowledge and make easy for the students to understand basics. The Chapter 4 Class 7 History contain every single answer to every question in the textbook and are always updated to be more useful. You develop the skills necessary to answer the tough questions that you’re faced with.
Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Class 7 History NCERT Solutions
1. Match the following:
2. Fill in the blanks:
(a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar’s half-brother, was ______.
(b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, _____ and ______.
(c) If zat determined a mansabdar’s rank and salary, sawar indicated his _______.
(d) Abul Fazl, Akbar’s friend and counsellor, helped him frame the idea of ________ so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.
(b) Bijapur and Golconda.
(c) military responsibility.
(d) sulh-i kul.
3. What were the central provinces under the control of the Mughals?
Delhi, Sindh, Kabul, Mewar, Marwar, Gujarat, Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, and the Deccan were the central provinces under the jurisdiction of the Mughals, as were the provinces of Sindh and Kabul.
4. What was the relationship between the mansabdar and the jagir?
For the mansabdars, a jagir was a revenue-generating assignment. They had the authority to collect revenue from a jagir, but they were not permitted to live in or run the jagir.
5. What was the role of the zamindar in Mughal administration?
In the Mughal administration, the Zamindars were in charge of collecting money from the peasants. It was they who served as a link between the ruling class and the peasants.
6. How were the debates with religious scholars important in the formation of Akbar’s ideas on governance?
Debates with religious academics assisted Akbar in formulating the concept of sulh-i kul, which means ‘universal peace.’ Akbar was able to establish governance standards that were based on an ethical framework as a result of implementing a tolerance policy of this nature.
7. Why did the Mughals emphasise their Timurid and not their Mongol descent?
Ghengiz Khan’s memory was associated with the massacre of an unknown number of people, so the Mughals stressed their Timurid descent instead of their Mongol one. Timur had captured Delhi in 1398, a fact they took pride in.
8. How important was the income from land revenue to the stability of the Mughal Empire?
In the Mughal Empire, land revenue played an important role in stabilizing the empire. It helped make the economic system stronger. As part of the money collected, forts were constructed and subjects’ welfare was promoted. Its importance can easily be assessed by the fact that Todar Mal, Akbar’s revenue minister, took a 10-year period to calculate land revenue.
9. Why was it important for the Mughals to recruit mansabdars from diverse backgrounds and not just Turanis and Iranis?
Mansabdars from diverse backgrounds were important for the Mughals and not just Turanis and Iranis because:
Because the empire had grown to incorporate a number of diverse regions and provinces, it was necessary to maintain stability throughout the empire.
It is the people who live with them who will have a greater understanding of the difficulties of the common people.
On the question of privileges for Turanis and Iranis, Mughal did not want people to mutiny against him and his government.
They came to dominate, and in order to maintain authority over the country, they needed to recognise the diversity of the people who lived there.