These NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans can be used for any purpose and are great for research and preparation for exams. It helps students do better and memorize more easily during times of intense pressure. Student can rely on these answers as they come from experts who have been teaching for quite some time and know what’s expected in the test papers. Chapter 3 Class 7 History NCERT Solutions will provide a lot of relevant content, making you well versed in variety of topics and able to easily recall your ideas.
Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans Class 7 History NCERT Solutions
1. Which ruler first established his or her capital in Delhi?
Ananga Pala of Tomara Rajputs first established his capital at Delhi.
2. What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans?
Persian was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans.
3. In whose reign did the Sultanate reach its farthest extent?
Sultanate reached its farthest extent in the reign of Muhammad Tughluq.
4. From which country did Ibn Battuta travelled to India?
Ibn Battuta travelled to India from Morocco.
5. According to the “Circle of Justice”, why was it important for military commanders to keep the interests of the peasantry in mind?
According to the “Circle of Justice,” it was crucial that military commanders keep the interests of peasants in mind. Peasantry supplied food and other things to the fortified areas of kings because they were the main source of food and other products. If the peasants were not taken care of in those fortified areas, it would have been very difficult for them to live. In order to facilitate military expeditions, woods were cleared, and the resulting lands were distributed to peasants in order to boost agricultural production and productivity.
6. What is meant by the “internal” and “external” frontiers of the Sultanate?
The Sultanate’s internal borders encompass the hinterlands of the garrison towns as well as the Ganga-Yamuna doab (river). The Sultanate’s external limits include unconquered parts of southern India that are far away from the capital, Delhi.
7. What were the steps taken to ensure that muqtis performed their duties? Why do you think they may have wanted to defy the orders of the Sultans?
Muqtis were the landholders of that land which was given to them by the Sultans. Many measures were taken to ensure that the muqtis were able to carry out their responsibilities properly:
(i) Their position was not hereditary. They were only given control over iqta for a brief period of time, after which they were relocated to another position.
(ii) Accounts were kept in order to keep track of the money that was collected by them. The Sultanate made certain that only the taxes stipulated by the state were collected by the government’s tax collectors.
(iii) It was their responsibility to maintain a certain number of soldiers, for which they were given a salary. In general, most muqtis desired to reject the directives of the Sultans since every muqti had desires to establish an independent kingdom and ascend to the position of ruler.
8. What was the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate?
The impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate:
- The rulers of the Delhi Sultanate formed a huge standing army in response to the Mongol invasions.
- Alauddin built a new garrison town named Siri for his forces, while Muhammad Tughluq razed the town and deported the citizens and soldiers who had been stationed there.
- Peasants were subjected to heavy taxes in order to provide food for a huge number of soldiers.
- They began paying their soldiers in cash, rather than in iqtas, as of this year.
- These regulations entailed a significant administrative burden.
9. Do you think the authors of tawarikh would provide information about the lives of ordinary men and women?
In my opinion, the authors of tawarikh would not disclose information on the lives of regular men and women because their writing was done for the purpose of praising the Sultans and receiving a financial reward. They have absolutely nothing to do with the average people. Furthermore, because they were members of the government and resided in cities, they were largely oblivious of the lives of ordinary people.
10. Razia Sultan was unique in the history of the Delhi Sultanate. Do you think women leaders are accepted more readily today?
Razia Sultan was unique in Delhi Sultanate history since she was the first woman to assume the throne. She outperformed and outqualified all of her brothers in every way. Yes, I believe that women leaders are more readily accepted now as a result of democratic institutions. As a result, the world has become more accepting of gender equality and would not object to having a woman as its leader. Many women throughout this time period shown that women may hold positions of leadership as well. Furthermore, the majority of the population backed the woman as their leader.
11. Why were the Delhi Sultans interested in cutting down forests? Does deforestation occur for the same reasons today?
The Delhi Sultans were interested in clearing woods in order to provide land to peasants and carry out agricultural techniques on that territory. Aside from it, new fortresses and towns were built to safeguard trade routes and to boost regional trade in general. They also destroyed forests in order to protect their borders and ensure that their army could move quickly when necessary. Nowadays, deforestation is caused by the development of roads, railways, housing and industrial facilities, among other things. Consequently, we can conclude that deforestation occurs for the same reasons as it did in the past, except that the point of view has shifted.