In this page, we have provided NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 2 From Hunting-Gathering to Growing Food are prepared by experts who are familiar with the latest CBSE guidelines. You can use them to score maximum marks in your exams. We offer Chapter 2 Class 6 History NCERT Solutions that will help you developing deeper into the chapters and get a vast understanding of the concepts that are applied. Students can easily review the answers they prepared and also know whether they learned it properly or not.
Chapter 2 From Hunting-Gathering to Growing Food Class 6 History NCERT Solutions
1. Complete the sentences:
(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because _____.
(b) Grasslands developed around _____years ago.
(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because they found protection from rains, winds and sunlight.
(b) Grasslands developed around 12,000 years ago.
2. Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time?
People who grow crops also need to water them, keep them from getting too many worms, and protect them from animals that might want to eat them. Thus, people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time.
3. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later?
Archaeologists found bones of animals in the earlier levels. They concluded that the people who lived in those levels were hunters. Herding became important because they found bones of sheep and goat in the later levels.
4. Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
Hunter-gatherers travelled from place to place for four basic reasons which are as follows:
(i) If they stayed at one place for a long time, they would have eaten up all the available plant and animal resources. Therefore, they went to another place for more food.
(ii) Animals move from place to place. Humans followed them as they hunted them.
(iii) Plants and trees bear fruit in different seasons. So when season changed, people moved to another place.
(iv) In search of water, people travelled from place to place. Water is necessary for survival.
However, nowadays we travel for different purposes, like:
(i) Today, we are moving to improve our employment opportunities, education, to expand our business and also to spend holidays.
(ii) We explore new places, business and to meet friends and relatives.
5. List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire (see page 15). Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?
- Hunt-gatherers used fire:
- To Cook food
- To scare away animals
- As a source of light
Nowadays, fires are used to keep ourselves warm and for cooking.
6. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers.
Three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from hunt-gatherers are:
• Hunter-gatherers kept travelling from place to place in search of food whereas farmers had to live at same place for longer periods of time to take care of their crops.
• Hunter-gatherers didn’t build any permanent homes – they mostly lived in caves while farmers and herders built huts and houses.
• Farmers and herders protect animals and plants while Hunter-gatherers did not.
7. List the cereals that you eat.
Wheat, Rice, maize, millets, lentil, barley, bajra etc.
8. Do you grow the cereals you have listed in answer number 7? If yes, draw a chart to show the stages in growing them. If not, draw a chart to show how these cereals reach you from the farmers who grow them.
No, I don’t grow these cereals.
The cereals reach from the farmers through following process.
Farmers → Middleman → Wholesaler → Retailer → We (buyer)