NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing are a great way for students to evaluate their learning. They can be used to check answers to questions, or to see how well they understand a concept. Students can see how well they understand the material and identify any areas where they may need more help. They help students understand the concepts better and also enable them to memorize the topics faster. Using Class 10 Social Science NCERT Solutions while preparing for the exams also helps students frame better answers during the exam.
Chapter 1 Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions are a boon for students appearing for their exams as they provide detailed answers to all the questions present in the NCERT textbook. NCERT Solutions have been designed by experienced teachers keeping in mind the challenges that students face while trying to understand a concept. The solutions are written in simple language and provide step-by-step explanations of the concepts.
Chapter 1 Power Sharing Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions
1. What are the different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.
(i) Power is shared among different organs of the government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. For example: Powers in our country are divided among the executive (government), the legislature (parliament) and the judiciary (Supreme Court) by the Indian Constitution.
(ii) Power is shared among governments at central, provincial and local level. In India, power is shared among Central government, State governments and local self-government. For example: In India, powers are divided between the central and state governments by the Indian Constitution.
Power may also be shared among different social groups, such as the religious and linguistic groups. ‘Community government’ in Belgium is a good example of this arrangement.
Power-sharing arrangements can also be seen in the many political parties, pressure groups and movements control or influence those in power. In contemporary democracies, this takes the form of competition among different parties.
2. State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power-sharing with an example from the Indian context.
(i) Prudential : In India, seats are reserved for the weaker sections of society. Example : reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. This allows the weaker sections also to participate in the running of the Government.
(ii) Moral : India is a land of many religions. For this reason, all religions are given equal respect and there is no state religion. This is truly in favour of the spirit of democracy.
3. After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words. Thomman – Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions. Mathayi – Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions. Ouseph – Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.
I agree with Ouseph. A small country (Switzerland) without any ethnic problems does not want one individual or group to assume all power. It must be shared or there will be dictatorship.
4. The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate into this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power-sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
No, the measure is not in keeping with the spirit of power-sharing arrangements. Despite Brussels having a French majority, the Dutch have been given equal representation in the separate Brussels government. In Brussels, there are power-sharing rules that can be violated by imposing French language on the Dutch.
5. Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.
“We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.”
The prudential reason for power sharing offered in this passage is : giving power to panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency.
6. Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power-sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power-sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power-sharing:
A. reduces conflict among different communities
B. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
C. delays the decision-making process
D. accommodates diversities
E. increases instability and divisiveness
F. promotes people’s participation in government
G. undermines the unity of a country
7. Consider the following statements about power-sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.
In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.
In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.
The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power-sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.
The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B, C and D
(b) A, B and D
(c) C and D
(d) B, C and D
(d) B, C and D
8. Match List I (forms of power-sharing) with List-II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:
|List I||List II|
|1.||Power shared among different organs of government||A. Community government|
|2.||Power shared among governments at different levels||B. Separation of powers|
|3.||Power shared by different social groups||C. Coalition government|
|4.||Power shared by two or more political parties||D. Federal government|
|List I||List II|
|1.||Power shared among different organs of government||B. Separation of powers|
|2.||Power shared among governments at different levels||D. Federal government|
|3.||Power shared by different social groups||A. Community government|
|4.||Power shared by two or more political parties||C. Coalition government|
9. Consider the following two statements on power-sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:
A) Power-sharing is good for democracy.
B) It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
Which of these statements are true and false?
|(a) A is true but B is false|
|(b) Both A and B are true|
|(c) Both A and B are false|
|(d) A is false but B is true|
(b) Both A and B are true