NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Political Parties

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Political Parties are a great resource for students who want to expand their horizon. The questions cover a wide range of topics, making it a great way to learn more about the world around them. The solutions are also very detailed, giving students a better understanding of the concepts. NCERT Solutions will also help students to improve their problem-solving skills.

NCERT Solutions are considered to be one of the best study materials for students who wish to crack exams with good marks. With Chapter 6 Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions, you’ll be able to quickly identify the key points in any situation and make well-informed decisions.

Chapter 6 Political Parties Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions

1. State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.


(i) Political parties contest elections to win the majority and form the government. They choose candidates who are popular personalities known to their voters. In India, they are chosen by the top leaders, in most countries by members of the party.

(ii) Political parties prepare their policies and programmes and make them known to the public. They make every attempt to convince the public that their programme is the best. They organise public meetings, speeches, demonstrations to gain public support. They even announce policy changes if once they are elected.

(iii) Political parties mobilise public opinion on major issues through pressure groups. They not only inform the public, they also seek its support involving problems facing the country.

(iv) Political parties play a major role in making laws for the country. No law can become a bill unless all parties support it. Parties follow the direction given by their party leaders.

(v) Political parties form an important link between the government and the people. It is easy for the public to approach their local leader than a government official. The local leader has to listen to the public demand, otherwise he will lose the next election.

2. What are the various challenges faced by political parties?


Lack of Internal Democracy: Party members do not have the chance to participate in the decision-making process. In the absence of proper organisation and registration of members, power remains in the hands of a few top leaders, who do not consult ordinary members before taking a decision. Ordinary members have no information about the internal working of the party.

Dynastic succession: Power is in the hands of a few top leaders, which means all party positions are held by family members. They may not be qualified or capable of holding their positions. Those who are not connected to the top leaders, or who come from weaker sections, cannot rise to the top.

Money and Muscle Power: There are many political parties contesting elections, and there is competition. Demonstrations, public meetings and speeches are required for the party to promote its image. Party leaders select candidates who are able to raise money for their party and win elections with it. Money power is also felt in older democracies like the United States.

Meaningful choice to others: The parties in India, like in many other countries, tend to address the same fundamental issues. On the economic front, each party focuses on helping the weaker sections, promoting equity, and creating jobs for all. The only difference is the priority they will give to any problem. Voters don’t have any meaningful choice. Even leaders keep changing parties, so voters get confused.

3. Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?


  • A law should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties.
  • It should be mandatory for political parties to give a minimum number of tickets, about
  • 1/3rd to the women candidates.
  • There should be state funding of elections. The government should give parties money to support the election expenses.

4. What is a political party?


A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and form the government. Its members are people who have common interests, concerns and goals. They agree on a political agenda and policies and try to convince people that their policies are best suited to the country. They put up candidates to fight elections and try to win popular support for their policies. They work for the collective interest of the society and not for a particular section of society.

5. What are the characteristics of a political party?


(i) A political party has members who agree on some policies and programmes for the society
with a view to promote common good.
(ii) It seeks to implement the policies by winning popular support through elections.
(iii) A political party has three components: the leaders, the active members and the followers.
(iv) A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.

6. A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a _______.


A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a political party.

7. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists.

1.Congress PartyA. National Democratic Alliance
2.Bharatiya Janata PartyB. State party
3.Communist Party of India (Marxist)C. United Progressive Alliance
4.Telugu Desam PartyD. Left Front



8. Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
A. Kanshi Ram
B. Sahu Maharaj
C. B.R. Ambedkar
D. Jotiba Phule


A. Kanshi Ram

9. What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?
A. Bahujan Samaj
B. Revolutionary democracy
C. Integral humanism
D. Modernity


C. Integral humanism

10. Consider the following statements on parties.
A. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
B. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
C. Parties are not necessary to run governments.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
a. A, B, and C
b. A and B
c. B and C
d. A and C


b. A and B

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