NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste has been designed by the expert panel of Gkrankers.com keeping in mind the latest CBSE syllabus and pattern. These will definitely help you to score high marks in your upcoming exams. These NCERT Solutions will be very helpful in understanding the syllabus and getting good grades in examinations. The concepts covered in Chapter 4 Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions are interesting and provide a lot of information that can be useful in understanding concepts in depth.
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Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions
1. Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.
The literacy rate among women is only 54 percent compared with 76 percent among men. Also, a smaller proportion of girl students go for higher studies.
No wonder the proportion of women among the highly paid and valued jobs is still very small. On an average an Indian woman works one hour more than an average man every day. Yet much of her work is not paid and therefore often not valued.
The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 provides that equal wages should be paid to equal work. However in almost all areas of work, from sports and cinema, to factories and fields, women are paid less than men, even when both do exactly the same work.
In many parts of India parents prefer to have sons and find ways to have the girl child aborted before she is born. Such sex-selective abortion led to a decline in child sex ratio (number of girl children per thousand boys) in the country to merely 919.
2. State different forms of communal politics with one example each.
The most common expression of communalism is in everyday beliefs, e.g., religious prejudices.
A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community.
Political mobilisation on religious lines is another frequent form of communalism. For example, the use of sacred symbols.
Sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form of communal violence, riots and massacre, e.g., India and Pakistan during the time of Partition.
3. State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India.
The caste system remains a part of contemporary India. Even now, most people marry within their own castes or tribes. Untouchability has also not been abolished completely. The effects of centuries of advantages and disadvantages continue to be felt today, for example, caste remains closely linked to economic status.
4. State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India.
State legislature has a majority of any caste group. Every caste group is represented in the Parliament. Caste groups can be ignored and all voters’ support is needed to win elections.
In one constituency you cannot have candidates from one caste only or voters belonging to the majority caste. It means that no political party represents one caste.
It may happen that more than one candidate may stand from a particular caste. Also, there may not be any candidate from other castes.
5. What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies?
In India, the proportion of women in legislature has been very low. For example, the percentage of elected women members in Lok Sabha has touched 14.36 per cent of its total strength for the first time in 2019. Their share in the state assemblies is less than 5 per cent. In this respect, India is among the bottom group of nations in the world. India is behind the averages for several developing countries of Africa and Latin America. In the government, cabinets are largely all-male even when a woman becomes the Chief Minister or the Prime Minister.
6. Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.
(i) Freedom to practice, profess and propagate the religion of one’s choice.
(ii) There is no state or official religion.
7. When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:
a. Biological differences between men and women
b. Unequal roles assigned by society to men and women
c. Unequal child sex ratio
d. Absence of voting rights for women in democracies
(b) Unequal roles assigned by society to men and women
8. In India, seats are reserved for women in
a. Lok Sabha
b. State legislative assemblies
d. Panchayati Raj bodies
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies
9. Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that:
A. One religion is superior to that of others.
Bb. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others. Which of the statements is/are correct?
a. A, B, C, and D
b. A, B, and D
c. A and C
d. B and D
(c) A and C
10. Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It
a. prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
b. gives official status to one religion.
c. provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion.
d. ensures equality of citizens within religious communities.
(b) gives official status to one religion.
11. Social divisions based on _______ are peculiar to India.
Social divisions based on caste are peculiar to India.
12. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: