NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development are a great way to improve the student experience. They provide detailed explanations of all the concepts in the NCERT textbook. These are a great resource for students who want to score well in their exams. NCERT Solutions give good experience and provide opportunities to learn new things. They are a great resource for students who want to get ahead in their studies.
Chapter 1 Resources and Development NCERT Solutions give good experience and provide opportunities to learn new things. By reading the solutions, students can avoid making the same mistakes and learn new techniques.
Chapter 1 Resources and Development Class 10 Geography NCERT Solutions
1. Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore?
(ii) Under which of the following type of resource tidal energy cannot be put?
(iii) Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?
(a) Intensive cultivation
(c) Over irrigation
(c) Over irrigation
(iv) In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practised?
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(v) In which of the following states black soil is predominantly found?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name three states having black soil and the crop which is mainly grown in it.
Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh are three states having black soil. Black soil is ideal for growing cotton.
(ii) What type of soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast? Give three main features of this type of soil.
Soil found in the Eastern Coastal Deltas: Alluvial Soil.
Main features of Alluvial Soil:
(i) Alluvial soils are very fertile.
(ii) Due to its high fertility, these soils are intensively cultivated.
(iii) These soils are rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime.
(iii) What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in the hilly areas?
(a) Contour ploughing on slopes.
(b) Terraced cultivation restricts erosion.
(c) Strip cropping checks soil erosion.
(d) Planting of trees to form shelter belts.
(iv) What are the biotic and abiotic resources? Give some examples.
Biotic Resources: The living resources which sustain life are called biotic resources such as flora and fauna.
Abiotic Resources: Resources which have no life but are essential for sustaining life are called abiotic resources. For example rocks and metals.
3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Explain the land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?
Agriculture in India consists mainly of agricultural land, forest land, pasture and grazing land, and waste land. Other non-agricultural uses of waste land include housing, roads, and industry, as well as rocky, arid, and desert areas. About 54% of the total land area is cultivable, 22.5% is covered by forest, and 3.45% is used for grazing. The rest is waste land with traces of miscellaneous cultivation.
The improper use of forest land has degraded the available land area, and has made it difficult for forests to be conserved. Deforestation, mining, and quarrying have contributed to the slow growth of forests. Since 1960-61, there has been only a 4% increase in forest cover.
(ii) How has technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources?
For the purpose of present development, technological and economic development involves a greater utilization and exploitation of resources. As the history of colonisation indicates, the colonising countries were primarily able to exploit other regions’ resources and establish their supremacy by having a higher level of technological development.
By utilizing available resources more effectively, economic development is achieved for the purpose of advancing the present generation. The development of technology facilitates the use of natural resources as well as their further exploitation, as well as the creation of new resources. As a result, more and more of the natural resources are used.