NCERT-Solutions-for-Class-10-Geography-Manufacturing-Industries
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries are prepared as per the latest CBSE guidelines. With the help of NCERT Solutions, you can score maximum marks in your exams. The solutions are prepared by expert teachers who have vast experience in teaching. The solutions are simple and easy to understand. You can use the Class 10 Social Science NCERT Solutions to revise your concepts and score good marks in your exams. The students can use it as a reference while solving the questions.

Chapter 6 Class 10 Geography NCERT Solutions serve as beneficial tool that can be used to recall various questions any time. The Solutions are prepared by expert teachers who have in-depth knowledge of the subject. They are a great revision tool for students preparing for exams. The solutions provided are easy to understand and help in clearing all doubts.

Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Class 10 Geography NCERT Solutions

1. Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which one of the following industries uses limestone as a raw material.
(a) Aluminium
(b) Cement
(c) Sugar
(d) Jute

Solution

(b) Cement

(ii) Which one of the following agencies markets steel for the public sector plants?
(a) HAIL
(b) SAIL
(c) TATA Steel
(d) MNCC

Solution

(b) SAIL

(iii) Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material?
(a) Aluminium
(b) Cement
(c) Jute
(d) Steel

Solution

(a) Aluminium

(iv) Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones, computer, etc?
(a) Steel
(b) Electronic
(c) Aluminium
(d) Information Technology

Solution

(b) Electronic

2. Answer the following briefly in not more than 30 words.

(i) What is manufacturing?

Solution

Manufacturing is the process of transforming raw materials into finished products. It is called the utility of raw materials.

(ii) Name any three physical factors for the location of the industry.

Solution

(i) Raw materials
(ii) Power
(iii) Climate

(iii) Name any three human factors for the location of an industry.

Solution

(i) Capital
(ii) Government policies
(iii) Market

(iv) What are the basic industries? Give an example.

Solution

Basic industries are those industries which provide raw materials to other industries, such as iron and steel industry.

(v) Name the important raw materials used in the manufacturing of cement?

Solution

Limestone, coal, gypsum, silica and alumina.

3. Write the answers to the following questions in 120 words.

(i) How are integrated steel plants different from mini steel plants? What problems does the industry face? What recent developments have led to a rise in the production capacity?

Solution

An integrated steel plant is a large unit. It handles everything in one complex. These collect raw materials to make steel, by rolling and shaping. Mini steel plants are smaller units. These have electric furnaces. These use steel scrap and sponge iron. These have re-rollers that use steel ingots as well. These produce mica and alloy steel.

Problems faced by these Industries:
(i) High cost of production.
(ii) Limited availability of coking coal.
(iii) Lower productivity of labour.
(d) Irregular supply of energy.
(e) Poor infrastructure.

Some recent developments have increased the production capacity of this industry such as:
(a) Liberalisation
(b) Foreign direct investment
(c) Private ownership
(d) Resources for research and development have been increased

(ii) How do industries pollute the environment?

Solution

Careful planning of industries, better design equipment and better operation of the equipments can prevent pollution to a great extent. Some measures to control industrial pollution are:

(i) Restricting use of fossil fuels can reduce smoke. Air pollution can be redued by reduction of particulate matter, aerosol emission in the air by fitting smoke stacks to factories with electrostatic precipitators, fabric filters, scrubbers and inertial separators.

(ii) Water pollution can be controlled by minimising use of freshwater by reusing and recycling. Treatment of hot water effluents before releasing them in rivers and other water bodies. These include mechanical, biological, chemical and physical processes.

(iii) Land pollution can be controlled by collection of wastes, dumping and disposing the wastes in filling areas and recycling the wastes.

(iv) Machinery and equipment and generators can be fitted with silencers or redesigned to make them energy efficient and to reduce noise.

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