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Chapter 7 Glimpses of India Class 10 English First Flight NCERT Solutions
A Baker from Goa
Oral Comprehension Check
1. What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about ?
The elders are nostalgic about the Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread.
2. Is bread-making still popular in Goa ? How do you know ?
Yes, bread-making is still popular in Goa. It still had mixers, moulders, and bakers, according to the author. The age-old, time-tested furnaces were still in operation. Some places are still able to hear the ‘thud’ and ‘jingle’ of the traditional baker’s shampoo, marking the morning arrival of the baker. The profession was a family one, handed down from generation to generation.
3. What is the baker called ?
The baker is called pader in Goa.
4. When would the baker come everyday? Why did the children run to meet him?
The baker came twice every day, once when he set out in the morning on his selling ground, and then again when he returned after emptying his huge basket. The children ran to meet him not because of their love of the loaf, which was bought by the maid-servant of the house.
1. Match the following. What is a must
(i) as marriage gifts? — cakes and bolinhas
(ii) for a party or a feast? — sweet bread called bol
(iii) for a daughter’s engagement? — bread
(iv) for Christmas? — sandwiches
(i) as marriage gifts? — sweet bread called bol
(ii) for a party or a feast? — bread
(iii) for a daughter’s engagement? — sandwiches
(iv) for Christmas? — cakes and bolinhas
2. What did the bakers wear
(i) in the Portuguese days?
(ii) when the author was young?
(i) In the Portuguese days, the bakers had a peculiar dress known as the kabai. It was a single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees.
(ii) When the author was young, he saw the bakers wearing a shirt and trousers, which were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants.
3. Who invites the comment—‘he is dressed like a pader’? Why?
A person who wears a half pant invites this comment. The half pant reaches just below the knee.
4. Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded ?
They recorded them on some wall in pencil.
5. What does a jackfruit-like appearance’ mean ?
A ‘jackfruit-like appearance’ means a plump physique.
Thinking about the Text
1. Which of these statements are correct ?
(i) The pader was an important person in a village in old times.
(ii) Paders still exist in Goan villages.
(iii) The paders went away with the Portuguese.
(iv) The paders continue to wear a single-piece long frock.
(v) Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days.
(vi) Traditional bread-baking is still a very profitable business.
(vii) Paders and their families starve in the present times.
2. Is bread an important part of Goan life? How do you know this?
Bread is an important part of Goan life. A marriage gift would be meaningless without the sweet bread, the bol. Bread is a must at a party, while cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas. The housewife must prepare sandwiches for her daughter’s engagement. The author says that people love the fragrance of praise. Elders were given loaves, and children were given bread-bangles, which they longed for.
3. Tick the right answer. What is the tone of the author when he says the following ?
(i) The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in some places, (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
(ii) Maybe the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession, (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
(iii) I still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves, (nostalgic, hopeful, naughty)
(iv) The tiger never brushed his teeth. Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely, after all. (naughty, angry, funny)
(v) Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals, (sad, hopeful, matter-of-fact)
(vi) The baker and his family never starved. They always looked happy and prosperous, (matter-of-fact, hopeful, sad)
(v) matter of fact
(vi) matter of fact
I. In this extract, the author talks about traditional bread-baking during his childhood days. Complete the following table with the help of the clues on the left. Then write a paragraph about the author’s childhood days.
|Clues||Author’s childhood days|
|the way bread was baked||…………………………………….|
|the way the pader sold bread||…………………………………….|
|what the pader wore||…………………………………….|
|when the pader was paid||…………………………………….|
|how the pader looked||…………………………………….|
|Clues||Author’s childhood days|
|the way bread was baked||Age-old time-tested furnaces still exist. The fire still bums in them. The baker arrives with the thud and jingle in some places.|
|the way the pader sold bread||He made his musical entry with ‘jhang jhang’ sound with his bamboo staff. He wished ‘Good morning’. Breads were sold in minutes.|
|what the pader wore||It was kabai, a single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees.|
|when the pader was paid||He was paid at the end of the month.|
|how the pader looked||He looked fat and plumpy. He wore a shirt and trousers. These were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants.|
Thinking about the Text
1. Where is Coorg?
Coorg is the smallest district of Karnataka, located midway between Mysore and Mangalore.
2. What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent?
It is believed that the Kodavu people have descended from the Arabs. The Kodavus wear the kuppia which resembles the kuffia worn by the Arabs and the Kurds. Some people believe that they have descended from the Greeks who had stayed back after Alexander’s invasion.
3. What are some of the things you now know about
(i) the people of Coorg ?
(ii) the main crop of Coorg ?
(iii) the sports it offers to tourist ?
(iv) the animals you are likely to see in Coorg ?
(v) its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there ?
(i) The Coorg people are very brave. They are also known for their hospitality. They are the only people in India permitted to carry firearms without a licence.
(ii) The main crop of Coorg is coffee.
(iii) It offers to a tourist the sports of rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking.
(iv) There are macaques, squirrels, langurs, loris and elephants.
(v) Coorg is about 250-260 km from Bengaluru. We can get there through Madikeri only.
4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look at the paragraphs indicated)
(i) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)
(ii) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there, (para 3)
(iii) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their son’s and father’s valour. (para 4)
(iv) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)
(v) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist- belt they wear, (para 3)
(vi) Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy, (para 7)
(i) keep many visitors away
(ii) As one story goes
(iii) are more than willing
(iv) The most laidback individual become converts to.
(v) draws support from
(vi) keep a watchful eye.
1. Here are some nouns from the text.
culture monks surprise experience weather tradition
Work with a partner and discuss which of the nouns can collocate with which of the adjectives given below. The first one has been done for you.
unique, terrible, unforgettable, serious, ancient, wide, sudden
(i) culture : unique culture, ancient culture
(ii) monks : ______
(iii) surprise : ______
(iv) experience : ______
(v) weather : ______
(vi) tradition : ______
(ii) monks : serious monks
(iii) surprise : terrible surprise, sudden surprise
(iv) experience : unique experience, terrible experience, unforgettable experience
(v) weather : terrible weather, unique weather
(vi) tradition : unique tradition, ancient tradition
2. Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank ?
(i) tales of ______
(ii) coastal ______
(iii) a piece of ______
(iv) evergreen ______
(v) ______ plantations
(vi) ______ bridge
(vii) wild ______
You may add your own examples to this list.
(i) tales of valour
(ii) coastal town
(iii) a piece of heaven
(iv) evergreen rainforests
(v) coffee plantations
(vi) rope bridge
(vii) wild elephants
Tea From Assam
Thinking about Language
1. Look at these words : upkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout, walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go, drop, walk) and an adverb or a particle (up, down, under, out, in).
Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary.
(i) A heavy ______ has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) Rakesh will ______ major surgery tomorrow morning.
(iii) My brother is responsible for the ______ of our family property.
(iv) The ______ rate for this accountancy course is very high.
(v) She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a ______ interview.
2. Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate.
over, by, through, out, up, down
(i) The Army attempted unsuccessfully to ______ the Government, (throw)
(ii) Scientists are on the brink of a major ______ in cancer research, (break)
(iii) The State Government plans to build a ______ for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway, (pass)
(iv) Gautama’s ______ on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)
(v) Rakesh seemed unusually _______ after the game, (cast)
1. Think of suitable —ing or —ed adjectives to answer the following questions. You may also use words from those given above.
How would you describe :
(i) a good detective serial on television ? ______
(ii) a debate on your favourite topic ‘Homework Should Be Banned’ ? ______
(iii) how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain ? ______
(iv) how you feel when you open a present ? ______
(v) how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television ? ______
(vi) the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue ? ______
(vii) how you feel when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest ? ______
(viii) the story you have recently read, or a film you have seen ? ______
(ii) invigorating/ eye-opening
(iv) excited, thrilled
(vii) worried, excited, thrilled