MCQ Questions for Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 History with answers

Share this:

The MCQ Questions for Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 History with answers are based on the concepts covered in the latest edition of the NCERT textbook for class 9 History. The textbook has been designed keeping in mind the latest examination pattern and the changes that have been made in it. The questions in the examination will test the students’ understanding of the concepts covered in the textbook.

History is an important subject that helps students learn about the past and understand the present. The CBSE curriculum for history has been revised, and Class 9 students can now learn more efficiently with Class 9 History MCQ questions prepared according to the latest curriculum. The Chapter 2 Class 9 History MCQ questions are also helpful for revision and preparing for exams.

Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution MCQ Questions for Class 9 History with answers

1. To coordinate the efforts of socialists all over Europe, an international body was formed in Europe (in 1889) called the:
(a) Second International
(b) Commune
(c) Labour Party
(d) Social Democratic Party
► (a) Second International

2. Industrialisation did not lead to which of the following problems?
(a) poor wages
(b) long hours of work
(c) liberalism
(d) development of new industrialised regions
► (c) liberalism

3. The people who wanted to put an immediate end to the existing governments in Europe (in 1815) were called :
(a) nationalists
(b) liberals
(c) revolutionaries
(d) radicals
► (c) revolutionaries

4. Which of these statements is/are correct about Europe after the French Revolution?
(a) Suddenly it seemed possible to change the aristocratic society of the 18th century.
(b) However not everyone wanted a complete transformation of society.
(c) Some wanted gradual shift, while others wanted complete change of society.
(d) All of the above
► (d) All of the above

5. Karl Marx wanted workers to overthrow :
(a) capitalism
(b) rule of private property
(c) accumulation of profits by capitalists
(d) radicals
► (a) capitalism

6. Which of the following factors made autocracy unpopular in Russia?
(a) The German origin of the Tsarina Alexandra
(b) Poor advisors like the Monk Rasputin
(c) The huge cost of fighting in the World War I
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

7. Which of these statements is/are correct about Europe after the French Revolution?
(a) Suddenly it seemed possible to change the aristocratic society of the 18th century.
(b) However not everyone wanted a complete transformation of society.
(c) Some wanted gradual shift, while others wanted complete change of society.
(d) All of the above
► (d) All of the above

8. Which of the statements given about the Socialist Revolutionary Party is not true?
(a) The Socialist Revolutionary Party was formed by socialists active in the countryside
(b) They struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land from nobles be transferred to them
(c) They were one united group fighting for their rights
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (c) They were one united group fighting for their rights

9. Which of the following statement is/are correct regarding what the ‘liberals’ wanted?
(a) Not to tolerate all the religions
(b) To oppose uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers
(c) Universal adult franchise
(d) Government appointed by the king
► (b) To oppose uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers

10. What were the ideas of ‘conservatives’ regarding social change in the 19th century?
(a) They accepted that some change was required
(b) They believed that change should be done by a slow process
(c) They were completely opposed to any such change
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (b) They believed that change should be done by a slow process

11. Which of the following statements is incorrect about the Socialists till 1914?
(a) They helped various associations to win seats in the parliaments in Europe
(b) Socialists, supported by strong figures in parliamentary politics, shaped and influenced legislation
(c) They succeeded in forming a government in Europe
(d) Governments continued to be run by conservatives, liberals and radicals
► (b) Socialists, supported by strong figures in parliamentary politics, shaped and influenced legislation

12. How can you say that the ‘liberals’ were not ‘democrats’?
(a) They did not believe in universal adult franchise
(b) They felt that only men of property should have a right to vote
(c) Women should not have right to vote
(d) All of the above
► (d) All of the above

13. Which of the following statements is not correct about the ‘radicals’?
(a) They supported women’s right to vote
(b) They opposed the privileges of great landowners
(c) They were completely against the existence of private property
(d) They wanted a government based on the majority of a country’s population
► (c) They were completely against the existence of private property

14. In order to develop societies, liberals and radicals believed
(a) in the value of individual effort, labour and enterprise
(b) in the privileges of the old aristocracy
(c) that those who had capital should work with restraint
(d) all of the above
► (a) in the value of individual effort, labour and enterprise

15. By the mid-19th century in Europe, the idea which attracted widespread attention on the restructuring of society was
(a) Capitalism
(b) Socialism
(c) Dictatorship
(d) None of the above
► (b) Socialism

16. Why did some liberals and radicals become revolutionaries in France, Italy, Russia etc.?
(a) They wanted to concentrate powers in their own hands
(b) They wanted to overthrow the existing monarchs
(c) They were against equal rights
(d) None of the above
► (b) They wanted to overthrow the existing monarchs

17. Which of the following is true about the peasants of Russia?
(a) Except in a few cases, they had no respect for the nobility
(b) Peasants wanted the land of the nobles to be given to them
(c) Frequently they refused to pay rent and even murdered the landlords
(d) All of the above
► (b) Peasants wanted the land of the nobles to be given to them

18. What were the demands made by the workers in St. Petersburg who went on a strike?
(a) Reduction of working time to eight hours
(b) Increase in wages
(c) Improvement in working conditions
(d) All of the above
► (d) All of the above

19. Why did the Tsar dismiss the first Duma within 75 days of its election?
(a) Because it was incapable of taking good decisions
(b) Because the Tsar did not want anyone to question his authority
(c) The term of first Duma was of 75 days only
(d) None of the above
► (b) Because the Tsar did not want anyone to question his authority

20. Why did the support of people to the Tsar for war gradually started decreasing?
(a) Because of rising prices
(b) Army was sick and tired of war
(c) Because Tsar Nicholas II refused to consult the main parties in Duma
(d) None of the above
► (c) Because Tsar Nicholas II refused to consult the main parties in Duma

21. What was the position of Russia’s army in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916?
(a) Russian army brought a lot of destruction in Germany and Austria.
(b) It killed a large member of people and was victorious
(c) Russian army lost badly
(d) None of the above
► (c) Russian army lost badly

22. Why was St. Petersburg, the German name of a Russian city, renamed as Petrograd?
(a) There were high anti-German sentiments in Russia
(b) People disliked the saint after whom the city’s name was kept
(c) The name ‘Petrograd’ was chosen by the Tsarina
(d) None of the above
► (a) There were high anti-German sentiments in Russia

23. Why did a lockout take place at a factory on the right bank of the River Neva on 22 February, 1917?
(a) It was extremely cold for the workers to work, because of frost and heavy snow
(b) The workers were being forced to join the army
(c) Food shortages were deeply felt in the workers’ quarters situated on the left bank of the River Neva
(d) Both (a) and (c)
► (d) Both (a) and (c)

24. In order to control the situation, the government called the cavalry. How did the cavalry react?
(a) The cavalry killed a large number of workers
(b) Most of the cavalry did not turn up due to extreme cold
(c) The cavalry refused to fire on the demonstrators
(d) None of the above
► (c) The cavalry refused to fire on the demonstrators

25. Which of the following events took place after the Tsar abdicated on 2nd March?
(a) Provisional government was formed
(b) It was decided to set up a Constituent Assembly
(c) Constituent Assembly was formed by revolutionaries only
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

26. Why were most of the Bolshevik Party members initially surprised by ‘April Theses’?
(a) They wanted continuation of World War I
(b) They thought that time was not ripe for a socialist revolution
(c) Government needed to be supported at this time
(d) All of the above
► (d) All of the above

27. Who started ‘Collectivisation Programme’ in Russia ?
(a) Lenin
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Rasputin
(d) Stalin
► (d) Stalin

28. Which one of the following refers to the secret police of Russia?
(a) Cheka
(b) Gestapo
(c) Security Police
(d) F.B.I.
► (a) Cheka

29. After the abdication of Tsar Nicolas II in 1917, Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a :
(a) National Government to run the country
(b) Provisional Government to run the country
(c) Local Government to run the country
(d) Central Government to run the country
► (b) Provisional Government to run the country

30. Russian peasants were different from other European peasants because :
(a) They had no respect for the nobility
(b) They pooled their land together
(c) They were not different
(d) both (a) and (b)
► (d) both (a) and (b)

31. In the Russian Civil War the Bolsheviks and the socialist revolutionaries were represented by which of the following colours?
(a) Whites and Reds
(b) Greens and Whites
(c) Reds and Greens
(d) None of these
► (c) Reds and Greens

32. The Jadidists of Russia aimed that:
(a) Socialist should rule Russia
(b) Democrats should rule Russia
(c) Modernised Muslims should rule Russia
(d) Liberal Christians should rule Russia
► (c) Modernised Muslims should rule Russia

Share this:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.