MCQ-Questions-for-Class-10-Science-Sustainable-Management-of-Natural-Resources
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If you want to improve your memory power and recollect the concepts easily, then you must start solving MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources on a regular basis. They play a very significant role in your final preparation for the exams.

When used correctly, they can be an effective way to assess student learning. With Chapter 16 Class 10 Science MCQ questions with answers, you will be able to better gauge your understanding of the material.

Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources Class 10 Science MCQ Questions

1. Which environmental problem is associated with the construction of high rise dams?
(a) A large number of human settlements are submerged in the water.
(b) It contributes to deforestation and loss of biodiversity.
(c) It involves the spending of huge amounts of money.
(d) All of these.
▶ (d) All of these.

2. Narmada bachao andolan was to
(a) Clean Narmada
(b) Expand Narmada
(c) Save Narmada
(d) None of above
▶ (c) Save Narmada

3. Why should we conserve forest and wild life?
(a) To protect biodiversity
(b) To maintain ecosystem
(c) To maintain balance
(d) To continue food chain
▶ (b) To maintain ecosystem

4. What is the name given for replenishment of forest?
(a) afforestation
(b) silviculture
(c) deforestation
(d) sericulture
▶ (a) afforestation

5. Water harvesting is a method which
(a) Increase ground water level
(b) Not practiced in modern days
(c) Has no relation with ground water
(d) Decrease ground water level
▶ (a) Increase ground water level

6. Which of the following is a green house gas?
(a) Nitrogen dioxide
(b) Sulphur dioxide
(c) Carbon dioxide
(d) Carbon monoxide
▶ (c) Carbon dioxide

7. In winter season visibility reduces in heavily polluted cities due to the
(a) Formation of smog
(b) Reduction in O3
(c) Excess of burnt hydrocarbons
(d) Formation of CO2
▶ (a) Formation of smog

8. Which of the following steps should be taken to reduce SO2 and NO2 pollutants in the air?
(a) Increase the use of fossil fuels
(b) Deforestation
(c) Installation of catalytic converters in the vehicles.
(d) Use petrol run vehicles for converting short distances.
▶ (c) Installation of catalytic converters in the vehicles.

9. Acid rain occurs because
(a) The sun leads to heat the upper layer of the atmosphere.
(b) Burning of fossil fuels releases oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur in the atmosphere.
(c) The earth’s atmosphere contains acids.
(d) Electrical charges are reproduced due to friction among the clouds.
▶ (b) Burning of fossil fuels releases oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur in the atmosphere.

10. Which of the following statements is correct about bio mass?
(a) It converts chemical energy into kinetic energy.
(b) It is a renewable form of energy.
(c) It is the inorganic matter used as a fuel.
(d) It is an organic matter produced by plants and animals.
▶ (d) It is an organic matter produced by plants and animals.

11. How is water harvested in hilly areas?
(a) by rooftop reharvesting
(b) by guls/kuls
(c) by building tanks
(d) none of the above
▶ (d) none of the above

12. Which of the following resource need to be used in a sustainable manner?
(a) Solar energy
(b) Petroleum
(c) Water
(d) Bio gas
▶ (b) Petroleum

13. The main cause for abundant coliform bacteria in the river Ganga is
(a) immersion of ashes
(b) Disposal of sewage
(c) Washing of clothes
(d) Discharge of effluents from the factories
▶ (c) Washing of clothes

14. The most appropriate definition of a natural resource is that it is a substance/commodity that is
(a) Present only on land.
(b) A gift of nature which is very useful to mankind
(c) A man made substance placed in nature
(d) Available only in the forests
▶ (d) Available only in the forests

15. In which year Ganga Action Plan came about?
(a) 1980
(b) 1985
(c) 1990
(d) 1975
▶ (b) 1985

16. Which of the following resource is used in thermal power plant?
(a) Coal
(b) Kerosene
(c) Charcoal
(d) Petroleum
▶ (a) Coal

17. The most rapidly dwindling natural resource is in the world is
(a) Water
(b) Forests
(c) Soil
(d) Sunlight
▶ (b) Forests

18. The important message conveyed by the Chipko Movement’ is
(a) To involve the community in forest conservation efforts.
(b) To ignore the community in forest conservation efforts.
(c) To cut down trees for the developmental processes.
(d) Government agencies have unquestionable right to cut down trees in the forests
▶ (a) To involve the community in forest conservation efforts.

19. A successful forest conservation strategy should involve
(a) Protection of animals at the highest trophic levels.
(b) Protection of consumers only
(c) Protection of herbivores only.
(d) Comprehensive programme to protect all the physical and biological components.
▶ (d) Comprehensive programme to protect all the physical and biological components.

20. In our country, vast tracts of forests are cleared and an economically important crop is cultivated. This practice promotes
(a) Biodiversity in the area.
(b) Monoculture in the area.
(c) Growth of natural forest.
(d) Preserving natural ecosystem the area.
▶ (d) Preserving natural ecosystem the area.

21. Eris and Kulhs are ancient structures that are example for
(a) Grain storage
(b) Wood storage
(c) Water harvesting system
(d) Soil conservation
▶ (c) Water harvesting system

22. Opposition to the construction of large dams is due to
(a) Social problems
(b) Economic problems
(c) Environments problems
(d) All of these
▶ (d) All of these

23. What are the three R’s to save the environment?
(a) Reduce, Recycle, Reuse
(c) Reconstruct, Recycle, Reduce
(b) Replenish, Reduce, Reuse
(d) Reduce, Recycle, Remove
▶ (a) Reduce, Recycle, Reuse

24. The ancient water harvesting system practiced in Maharashtra is
(a) Bundhis
(b) Bandharas
(c) Kattas
(d) Ahars
▶ (b) Bandharas

25. The most appropriate definition of a natural resource is that it is a substance or commodity that is:
(a) Present only on land
(b) A gift of nature which is very useful to mankind
(c) A man-made substance placed in nature
(d) Available only in the forest
▶ (b) A gift of nature which is very useful to mankind

26. Expand the abbreviation GAP:
(a) Government agency for pollution control
(b) Gross assimilation by photosynthesis
(c) Ganga action plan
(d) Governmental agency for animal protection
▶ (c) Ganga action plan

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