Communities are groups of people who share a specialty, role, passion, interest, concern, or a set of problems. Some of the most essential features of community include:
The concept of community may be better comprehended by looking at its elements or characteristics. These features determine whether a group is considered a community or not. Community, on the other hand, has the following components or traits. Below are some of, Important Characteristics of Community.
A group of people
The most basic or fundamental aspect of a community is a group of individuals. A collection of people may be tiny or huge, but whenever the term “community” is used, it always refers to a group of people. Because we can’t conceive of a community without a gathering of persons who live together and share a common life, and are linked by a strong feeling of communal awareness, when several persons reside together and share similar interests and views, then a community emerges. As a result, the first prerequisites for creating a community are individuals.
A definite locality
It’s the next essential feature of a community. A community is defined by its location. A single individual can’t create a community on their own. Only when people reside in a particular territory do they form a community. The land need not be permanent. People who like to travel might move their dwellings from time to time. However, most communities are established and derive an intense bond of togetherness and brotherhood from residing in a particular place.
It is another key feature of community. A community can’t form solely with a group of people and a specific location without community feeling. Community feeling refers to an intense sense of wonder among the members or a sensation of belonging together. It implies a feeling of common existence among the individuals in a given area. A feeling of cooperation, togetherness, and togetherness is born as a result of people living in the same area for an extended period of time. The members of that area emotionally identify with one another as a result. This emotional connection distinguishes them from those in other communities.
Communities are self-organised. It is the fruit of neither human effort nor legislation. It develops naturally as a result of numerous influences operating in unison. Individuals became members at birth because they were born into the group.
A community is always a permanent organization. It refers to people who live in a particular area permanently. It is not ephemeral like that of a crowd or group.
In a number of ways, members of a community are similar. As they dwell in the same neighborhood, they lead a similar lifestyle and have identical objectives. Similarities in language, culture, traditions, and customs are among the many similarities seen among the members. The growth of communal sentiment is due to these similarities.
A community, on the other hand, has a more comprehensive aim. A member of a community is not concerned with the attainment of a single goal; instead, she or he is interested in various outcomes. These are inherent to a community.
Total organised social life
A community is defined by complete social organization. It implies that a community incorporates all elements of society. As a result, a community is a miniature society.
A Particular Name
A community has its own name by which it is known to the rest of the world. Members of a community are also identified by that name. Residents of Odisha, for example, are known as odia.
No Legal Status
A community is not a legal entity because it is not a person. In the eyes of the law, it has no rights and responsibilities. It was not created by any legislative act.
Size of Community
On the basis of its size, a community is identified. It could be tiny or enormous. A village is an example of a little community, whereas a nation, for example, or the entire globe are examples of large communities. Human existence necessitates both communal types.
A community, on the other hand, is more tangible. Because it refers to a group of people who live in a particular area, we can observe it. As a result, it is more real.
A society has its own structure and character that distinguishes it from others.