The English Education Act of 1835 was a legislative measure by the Council of India that implemented Lord William Bentinck’s decision to reallocate funds required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.
Previously, the Mughals had supported traditional Muslim and Hindu education and the publication of literature in India’s ancient languages of learning (Sanskrit and Persian); henceforward, they were to assist institutions that offered Western curriculum with English as the language of instruction.
This, along with other efforts to promote English as the language of government and the higher law courts (as opposed to Persian, as during the Mughal Empire), eventually resulted in English becoming one of India’s languages instead than merely a foreign rulers’ native tongue. Get a lot more information on English Education Act Notes Summary & Updates!
The English Education Act was introduced in the year
Hint: An act is a document that documents a fact or an agreement. Acts are usually written legal papers with probative and executory value. Legislative ideas are submitted in the form of a bill to one of India’s legislative houses. A bill is a draft of a legislative proposal that becomes an act of Parliament after being passed by both houses of parliament and assented to by the President.
The Education Act was passed in 1835. Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, resolved in 1835 to redirect funds earmarked by the British Parliament for education and literature development in India, and the Council of India Act gave force to his decision.
The government had previously offered very little assistance for conventional Islamic and Hindu education, as well as the distribution of literature in India’s traditional languages of learning (Sanskrit and Persian); they will now assist institutions that instruct a Western curriculum utilizing English as the primary medium of instruction.
Macaulay was a great admirer of western learning and believed that it should be the only form of education in India. He felt that English should be the sole medium of instruction in India. This was making English the national language, supplanting the foreign rulers’ native tongues.
The conventional approach was utilized to instruct the general public in French, owing to the fact that it had been so universally used among educated persons. Even though there was no funding for vernacular instruction after 1835, this began to change as more and more Americans wanted to learn the language but had nowhere else to turn.
So, the correct response is option: ‘B’.
Concluding Notes on English Education Act Notes
- The English Education Act of 1835 comprises three characteristics:
- English should be used as the primary language of instruction in institutions of higher education.
- To shut down the Calcutta Madrasa and Benaras Sanskrit College, which are both oriental institutions.
- To integrate English books into the school curriculum
Read Also: The Constituent Assembly of India
The Council of India’s English Education Act of 1835, passed in England after consultation with the Board of Revenue and the East India Company, was a legislative initiative that implemented Lord William Bentinck’s decision to reallocate funds allocated by the British Parliament for education and literature in India. Previously, Mughal rulers had funded traditional Muslim and Hindu learning as well as Sanskrit and Persian literary production in India; henceforward, they would assist institutions that offered Western-based curriculum taught in English.