Democracy-and-Diversity-Important-Questions-Class-10-Political-Science
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Democracy and Diversity Important Questions Class 10 Political Science helps to identify the topics you need to work on to improve your performance. It will also help you to identify any weak areas you need to focus on.

Class 10 Political Science Important Questions encourages student to think critically and develop problem-solving skills. It can help identify the areas where they need to focus more and understand the various concepts in detail.

Democracy and Diversity Important Questions and Answers Class 10 Political Science

Democracy and Diversity Very Short Answer Questions (1 Mark)

1. What do you mean by the term ‘the Black Power’?

Solution

The Black Power movement emerged in 1966 and lasted till 1975, which was a more militant anti-racist movement, advocating even violence if necessary to end racism in the US.

2. How had these US athletes represented Black Power in the medal ceremony?

Solution

The black gloved and raised clenched fists were meant to symbolise Black Power.

3. What is the origin of social difference?

Solution

Accident of birth.

4. Give one example of overlapping social differences.

Solution

In Northern Ireland, class and religion overlap with each other. Here Catholics are more likely to be poor, they may have suffered a history of discrimination.

5. What did Peter Norman, the white Australian athlete, wear on his shirt during the ceremony?

Solution

A human rights badge.

6. Who were the two American athletes standing with clenched fists upraised and heads bowed during the 1968 Olympics medal ceremony?

Solution

Tommie Smith and John Carlos.

7. What were the athletes trying to draw attention to with their gesture during the 1968 Olympics medal ceremony?

Solution

Racial discrimination in the United States.

8. How were Protestants represented by the political parties?

Solution

The Protestants were represented by Unionists, who wanted to remain with the UK which is predominantly Protestants.

9. When does social division occur?

Solution

Social division occurs when some social difference overlaps with other differences, leading to a sense of belonging to different communities.

10. How do class and religion overlap in Northern Ireland?

Solution

In Northern Ireland, class and religion overlap, meaning that being Catholic is associated with a higher likelihood of being poor and experiencing a history of discrimination.

Democracy and Diversity Short Answer Questions (3 Marks)

1. How do we have different identities in different contexts? Explain with suitable examples.

Solution

(i) It is common for people belonging to the same religion to feel that they do not belong to the same community, because their caste or sect is very different.
(ii) It is also possible for people from different religions to have the same caste and feel close to each other.
(iii) Rich and poor persons from the same family often do not keep close relations with each other for they feel they are very different. Thus, we all have more than one identity and can belong to more than one social group. We have different identities in different contexts.

2. ‘The assertion of social diversities in a democratic country is very normal and can be healthy.’ Justify the statement with argument.

Solution

The assertion of social diversities in a country need not to be seen as a source of danger because in a democratic country every person and a community has the right to state their views and opinions. This is very normal and healthy in a democracy. This allows the less privileged and marginal groups to express their grievances and concerns and can get the government to attend these. This only leads to the strengthening of democracy.

3. “We all have more than one identity and can belong to more than one social group.” Discuss the statement with suitable examples.

Solution

It is fairly common for people belonging to the same religion to feel that they do not belong to the same community, because their caste or sect is very different. It is also possible for people from different religions to have the same caste and feel close to each other. Rich and poor persons from the same family often do not keep close relations with each other for they feel they are different. Example, Carlos and Smith were similar in one way that they both were Afro-American and thus different from Norman who was white. But they were all athletes who stood against racial discrimination. Thus we all have more than one social group.

4. When does a social difference become a social division?

Solution

(i) Social division takes place when some social difference overlaps with other differences. Situations of racial discrimination and economic inequality produce social divisions; at the same time when one kind of social difference becomes more important than the other, people start feeling that they belong to different communities.
(ii) If social differences cross cut one another, it is difficult to pit one group of people against the other. It means that groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides on a different issue.
(iii) Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. Cross-cutting social differences are easier to accommodate.

5. What are the features of a homogeneous society? Mention the name of any one country having such society?

Solution

Homogenous society is a kind of society that has similar kinds of people, especially where there are no significant ethnic differences. But these kinds of society are rare, even those countries such as Germany and Sweden that were once highly homogenous are undergoing rapid change with influx of people from other parts of the world. Migrants bring with them their own culture and tend to form a different social community. In this sense, most countries of the world are multicultural.

6. How were Civil Rights Movement and the Black Power movement different from each other?’’ Give three features of each.

Solution

(i) Civil rights movement in the US (1954-1968) refers to a set of events and reform movements aimed at abolishing legal racial discrimination against Afro-Americans. Led by Martin Luther King Jr, this movement practised non-violent methods of civil disobedience against racially discriminatory laws and practices.
(ii) Afro-American, Black American or Black are the terms used to refer mainly to the descendants of Africans, who were brought into America as slaves between the 17th century and early 19th century.
(iii) The Black power movement emerged in 1966 and lasted till 1975, which was a more militant, anti-racist movement, advocating even violence, if necessary, to end racism in the U.S.

7. “We have different identities in different contexts.” Support the statement with three facts.

Solution

(i) It is common for people belonging to the same religion to feel that they do not belong to the same community, because their caste or sect is different.
(ii) It is also possible for people from different religions to have the same caste and feel close to each other.
(iii) Rich and poor people from the same family often do not keep close relations with each other because they feel they are very different.

8. How is political expression of social divisions in democracy beneficial?

Solution

Political expression of social division is considered to be very normal and even healthy in democracies. This gives members of various underprivileged and marginalised groups the opportunity to air their grievances and encourages the government to address them. In politics, the expression of different kinds of social divisions frequently results in those divisions cancelling each other out and, as a result, losing some of their intensity. This leads to strengthening of a democracy.

Democracy and Diversity Long Answer Questions (5 Marks)

1. “Some people conclude that politics and social divisions should not be allowed to mix.” Support this idea with two arguments.

Solution

It is true that politics and social divisions should not be allowed to mix. It leads to negative results. We can see this when caste starts influencing politics:
(i) Each caste group tries to become bigger by incorporating within it new kinds of neighbouring castes or subcastes which it had excluded earlier. New kinds of caste groups like backward and forward emerge. This is not healthy for democracy and can lead to tensions, conflicts and even violence. It diverts attention from other pressing issues like poverty, development and corruption.
(ii) Political parties and candidates in elections make appeals to caste sentiment to minister support. Some political parties are known to favour some castes and are seen as their representatives. This is bad, because it gives the impression that elections are about castes and nothing else. This is far from true.

2. Give examples to prove that social differences cross-cut each other.

Solution

(i) If social differences cross-cut one another, it is difficult to put one group of people against the other.
(ii) It means the groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be on different sides on a different issue.
(iii) In northern Ireland, class and religion overlap each other. A Catholic is more likely to be poor and they suffer discrimination.
(iv) In Netherlands, class and religion tend to cross-cut each other. Catholics and Protestants are both likely to be poor or rich. The result is that Catholics and protestants have had conflicts in northern Ireland, while they do not do so in the Netherlands.

3. ‘Social diversity can take different forms in different societies.’ Explain.

Solution

(i) Racial discrimination was practised in US and it ultimately led to Civil Rights Movement. There were protests in the streets and US black athletes had protested against their racism in the open in the medal ceremony of Olympics.
(ii) In Sri Lanka, the differences could be seen in the form of various religions followed in the country and the languages like Sinhala and Tamil. There was a civil war in the country due to importance being given to Sinhalas only.
(iii) In Belgium, people speak different languages like Dutch, French and German. But that country opted for accommodation by giving due importance to all the languages.
(iv) Most of the social differences are based on the accident of birth but some of them are based
on choices also like some people choose to follow a religion which is different from the one in which they were born.

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