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Communication is the act of conveying meaningful information. If you have ever had an argument with someone about what they meant by something that they said, then you know what not communicating looks like. The thing is, even if your meaning was clear to you, other people may interpret it.

What Is Communication?

The ability to understand other’s feelings or thoughts and to convey your own thoughts and feelings in a way that other people can understand you requires the use of some skills. These skills are often referred to as nonverbal communication.

7 Elements of Communication Process

Seven major elements of communication process are:

  1. Sender
  2. Ideas
  3. Encoding
  4. Communication channel
  5. Receiver
  6. Decoding
  7. Feedback

A process of communication may be defined as the exchange of facts and ideas between individuals in an organization with the goal of achieving mutual understanding. The communication mechanism is more dynamic than a static occurrence.

As a whole, the communication process must be regarded as a continuous and dynamic interaction that is influenced by numerous variables.


The creator of a message is the person who transmits information and concepts with the goal of sharing them.


This is the focus of the message. This might be an idea, a standpoint, feelings, opinions, orders, or ideas.


Because the subject of communication is theoretical and intangible, its transmission requires the use of specific symbols such as words, actions, or images. Encoding is the process of turning subject matter into these symbols.

Communication Channel

The individual who wants to communicate must choose the method for delivering necessary information, thoughts, or items. Information is transmitted to the receiver through various channels, both formal and informal.


The receiver is the individual to whom or for whom the message is intended. It is the receiver who attempts to comprehend the communication in its most effective form in order to achieve desired goals.

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The receiver of the message or symbol tries to reverse it in order to comprehend its meaning fully.


Feedback is the act of confirming that the receiver has received and understood the message in the same way that the sender intended.

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